For example, most teachers have learned to direct classrooms with sort of a frontal control mechanism with the belief that we have to be standing in front of the kids for them to learn anything, and that if we let them work collaboratively or independently they would self-destruct. UDL elements in a differentiated instruction mathematics lesson So, let’s talk differentiated reading instruction. Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. In one study, teachers identified the challenge of meeting the individual needs of diverse learners as one of their top three concerns. When integrated into learning experiences, these elements foster student engagement with the ultimate goal of improving student outcomes and achievement. The components of the 2016 Differentiated Instruction Educator’s Package include: 1. // �w֕�?j��A���S���!o�2�4?��'o���`vz0Ó�W?�fx�~b��7_���g}1>�W�rX�`O�|Xx��Y�{������q����J�g�Q�J^��){���3����N��'���r���L��־���{^��u��튱j�Ԝs�g��;��qח��8h{X��+F�P=��|�w��}��\��3�L߲�P���`"��`=���C}[�U!��U�����JP+՜C"�:NT��=���R�'���Z�X؝d���W�r"�?�;�=)���M��TL+C��\�w`\��2$׻��-�e�/��rB�H4�!=W��-������\%E/�UF�D�6�� K>�e�\��)�h�5��p�����TU��R$��4�I���Gc'1��Xy\ʈB��W�V��n؈ԁ�ɲ��QĤq�?�� There are few key elements of differentiated instruction and one of them is content, students can acquire new information and ideas through reading independently or with a partner, reading a novel or listening to it on tape, searching for content online or communicating with experts, and much more. I taught first grade in 1966 when I was still 20 years old. The answer is no. For example, differentiating instruction is NOT delivering the same instruction, in the same way, to multiple groups of students (if that were the case, whole class instruction would suffice). How can I use technology to help differentiate instruction? Using ungraded tests or surveys to pre-assess students’ readiness and interests before or at the start of a unit will help you determine where each student is in relation to the unit KUD’s and guide you in identifying initial student groupings and task assignments in the beginning of the unit. The more tools you have in your box, the better prepared you will be to teach each student in the way that will reach them. Differentiated Instruction 2. My next venture is to write funny grade level books so students will enjoy reading even more. You have no idea how many lives you have influenced. Rather than being overwhelmed by the fact that the ability to differentiate instruction is an ongoing pursuit, challenge yourself to choose one area for improvement to focus on in the coming school year. Instruction can be differentiated through its key elements: content, process, outcome/product, and learning environment. stream Resources involved in differentiating instruction include; instructional time (length, frequency), space (small-group vs. whole-group), people (parent helpers, classroom aides), and materials (e.g. Many teachers have asked this question. Rather, they come with an overriding question: "How is it going to be for me in this place?" Do I have a system of assessment to place students for instruction as well as monitor their progress? << /Length 4 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> I am still passionate about literacy, the arts, and free medical and education for all. Tomlinson (2001) identifies three elements of the curriculum that can be … The hope is that it will lead to a more appropriate solution for the student. What do I know about multisensory instruction, direct instruction, brain-based learning, English language learning, the importance of feedback, flexible grouping, etc.? Flexibility is also required as you choose the best ways to monitor and assess student learning. All the best to you from a veteran teacher, retired in 2004. One of the silver linings of this COVID-19 pandemic is that while the schools are closed, the teachers continue working hard, teaching their students and the parents, too. Knowing the best ways to deliver instruction will help you to know what to do when you are instructing students no matter the group size. Let‟s take a closer look at some key vocabulary related to differentiation. Are there routines that I can modify or add that will better facilitate multiple instructional situations simultaneously? Flexibility in many areas could possibly be the key component in reaching each student. The only option we have at my school is the Inclusion setting, even if a student would be in their LRE with a resource room setting. How do I know if students understand the concepts that I am teaching as I am teaching them? The last two components are the most important. We can vary or modify these elements to provide our students with equally varied and positive learning experiences. decodable and leveled text, whiteboards and markers, technology, etc. Differentiated Instruction ... Several elements and materials are used to support instructional content. function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} The ability to recognize and meet the instructional needs of each student in your class is an ongoing process. I love to see their accomplishments. Understanding key elements; Key element 1: Positive relationships; Key element 2: Classroom organization; Key element 3: Differentiated instruction; Key element 4: Classroom behavioural expectations; Key element 5: Social skills instruction; Key element 6: Positive reinforcement; Key element 7: Fair and predictable consequences; Key element 8: Differentiated instruction is an approach that enables instructors to plan strategically to meet the needs of every learner. Differentiated Reading Instruction: Teaching Every Child is a 60-minute webcast that outlines the most effective strategies teachers can use to address the many different needs of each of their students – so that kids capable of learning to read, like Robert and Marisa, won't fall behind. differentiated instruction, professional development, teaching reading. Differentiated Instruction Identifying Components/Features According to the authors of differentiated instruction, several key elements guide differentiation in the education environment. Nine Practices to Differentiate Reading Instruction. Differentiated instructions 1. Thankfully, there are many resources for teachers that can help you increase your knowledge of decoding and other reading strategies. Title: Differentiated Instruction 1 ... posters on the classroom walls with key words that identify the varying levels of thinking. I am renewing my certificate, once again, so that I may continue teaching, mentoring, and/or volunteering in a school district where I know my experience and skills and positive energy would be welcomed and appreciated. Resources involved in differentiating instruction include; instructional time (length, frequency), space (small-group vs. whole-group), people (parent helpers, classroom aides), and materials (e.g. Forty years ago, Tomlinson says, the focus was on individualized instruction. Patience is required when managing and acquiring resources, refining your knowledge of the many and various ways that students learn, and seeking out and finding the right sources for professional development. Differentiated instruction “shakes up” the traditional classroom, says Tomlinson. According to the authors, several key elements guide differentiation in the education environment. Assessment is the element that steers instruction in the differentiated classroom. However, my mind is always on teaching children. Differentiated instruction maximizes learning by considering students’ individual and cultural learning styles, recognizing that some students will require adjusted expectations, and offering different ways for students to explore curriculum and demonstrate learning (as well as accepting that these different methods are of equal value). 3 0 obj This is the heart of differentiation, and this is the primary reason I have written this book. Student responsibilities include demonstrating such skills as: 1) making effective choices, 2) being self-directed, 3) organizing learning materials, 4) following directions, 5) completing tasks, and 6) working cooperatively with classmates. Thanks for your kind words. Barbara and Tina, window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; This short video humorously demonstrates the need for instructional flexibility. It is the "weather" that affects everything that happens there. Without good teachers this world would be in chaos. Differentiated instruction changes the roles of students as well as teachers. Teachers who have this mastered are constantly monitoring student response to instruction. Understand the key elements of differentiated instruction Be able to differentiate instruction based on students’ readiness level, interests, and learning needs Be able to differentiate instruction for three main instructional components: content, process, and product Have the knowledge to evaluate and grade differentiated products You have inspired me. 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Key Elements of Differentiated Instruction For this application, use one of the two classroom scenarios you’ve worked with in Module 3—Ms. The Elements of Differentiated Instruction Although it is not the goal of this course to examine the key elements of differentiation, reviewing these elements will ensure that all participants are speaking the same language in regard to this instructional process. Just wait until your students reach age 40 and you see them in a supermarket. I have said multiple times that effective teaching is both an art and a science. All students come to understand the key principles on which the study is based. To improve student learning, educators can modify five classroom elements: ELEMENT OF The role of the teacher and her/his responsibilities, determination, skills, expertise, patience, talents, and love for their students is publicly and widely acknowledged, appreciated, respected, and valued like never before. The key elements of differentiated reading instructions are as follows: Every child must read 90 minutes each day as mentioned on and in 90 min the teacher has to ensure differentiated reading instructions. It should be noted that this presentation is only intended to be a brief overview of this encompassing topic. While you will receive great amounts of satisfaction as you see the impact your efforts will make in the lives of the students you teach, the road may seem quite bumpy at times. R… Given the preceding information, here are some questions to ask yourself when analyzing differentiation in your classroom: What am I doing to increase, update, or clarify my knowledge of the content that I teach? The nature of the learning environment for that young person will, in large measure, answer that question. “At its most basic level, differentiating instruction means ‘shaking up’ what goes on in the classroom so that students have multiple options for taking in information, making sense of ideas, and expressing what they learn,” according to Carol Ann Tomlinson, chair of educational leadership, foundations and policy at the University of Virginia—who is widely considered one of the most … Product—the method students use to demonstrate learning. [CDATA[ I retired 5 years ago after 24 years as a teacher, 2 years as an administrator, and 20 years as a counselor. In fact, your teaching approach may need to change on-the-fly in response to student feedback to your instruction. Wow! It ‘unpacks’ the concept of differentiation by showing the key elements in the concept and relationships among those elements. gtag('js', new Date()); decodable and leveled text, whiteboards and markers, technology, etc.). I am also a veteran teacher renewing my certificate, •Change color of post-it-notes I am 70 years old this month and renewing my FL teaching Certificates. Instruction is concept focused and principle driven. Such instruction enables struggling learners to grasp and use powerful ideas and, at the same time, encourages You changed the trajectory for young students every day without most of them even realizing it. There are many ways to deliver instruction. Key Elements of a Differentiated Classroom Module Welcome Reading Key Elements from ECE 109 at University of California, San Diego Please note that we are not making generalized recommendations for making this lesson more UDL, but instead are focusing on ways that differentiated instruction, specifically, can help achieve this goal. Differentiated instruction is a principle-guided method to approach teaching and learning, and it is implemented in the context of a classroom system that contains four interdependent elements: learning environment, curriculum, assessment, and instruction. Content knowledge and expertise should be an ongoing pursuit for every teacher. The approach encompasses planning and delivery of instruction, classroom management techniques, and expectations of learners’ performance that take into consideration the diversity and varied levels of readiness, interests, and learning profiles of learners. Flatteringly, I would like to think that you are a modern version of me. 2 0 obj Thanks also for all of the lives YOU have influenced. Continuous adjustments will need to be made with the use of time, materials, approaches, and instructional grouping. Do I take the time to reflect on student learning? Then I laughed to myself and said, "Will I ever have a mind to stop teaching?" Students have “multiple options for taking in information, making sense of ideas, and expressing what they learn,” she explains. Is differentiated reading instruction really necessary? A Special Note… Differentiated instruction is a very popular, not to mention broad, topic in today’s educational arena. All students have the opportunity to explore and apply the key concepts of the subject being studied. The Differentiated Instruction Scrapbook (2010) • A collection of ready to use differentiated instruction tools and templates 3. // ]]>, Tags: The more you know about the subject you are teaching, the more you will know how to differentiate instruction for that subject. To get the latest Reading Horizons virtual classroom support. You could also post this question on the Community Board to see what responses other educators may have. %��������� This modification is guided by the teacher‟s understanding of student needs—the students‟ readiness, interests, and learning profile. That is a question we are getting asked more and more often. The Elements of Effective Instruction framework outlines five intertwined elements of instructional practice that complement and enhance one another. 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