[6] A keen stamp collector, he was once at his local philately club's annual meeting, more than 40 years after the war, when he fell into a conversation about politics with the man next to him. [5]:300 He said his message to Holocaust deniers was: I would like you to believe me. [2]​ Como dedicado coleccionista de estampillas, una vez estaba en su reunión anual del club de filatelia, más de 40 años después de la guerra, cuando cayó en una conversación sobre política con otro miembro del club,[21]​ quien le dijo que era «terrible» que el negacionismo del Holocausto fuera ilegal en Alemania. [6], Gröning did not consider himself guilty of any crime, because he was in no way directly involved in the killing. [10], The trial commenced on 20 April 2015 at Lüneburg Regional Court (Landgericht). [5]:141, They were then given a lecture by several high-ranking officers who reminded them of the oath of loyalty they took, which they could prove by doing a difficult task. Gröning se describió a sí mismo como una “persona de oficina” y estaba contento con su rol en la administración de las SS, pues involucraba aspectos administrativos y militares que quería para su carrera. The trial was held in Lüneburg, Germany. [5]:140, Gröning wanted to join an elite army unit and set his sights on joining the Schutzstaffel. Oskar Groening, 96, was sentenced for being an accessory to murder in 2015, but never went to jail due to a series of appeals for clemency on grounds of old age and ill-health. [6] Citing his summons to testify against a member of the SS accused of murdering prisoners at Auschwitz, he also said he was innocent in the eyes of the law, pointing to the fact that he spoke as a witness and not as a defendant. Luego de ser transferido a una unidad activa en 1944, Gröning fue capturado por los británicos el 10 de junio de 1945, cuando su unidad se rindió. As a child, Groening joined the Scharnhorst, and then joined the Hitler Youth organization just a few years later in 1933. [4]​ Tal situación permitió a los aprendices restantes profundizar sus carreras bancarias en un período relativamente corto; sin embargo, a pesar de estas oportunidades, Gröning y sus colegas fueron entusiasmados por las rápidas victorias alemanas en Francia y Polonia y quisieron contribuir también a ello. [4]​, Gröning terminó la escuela con altas calificaciones y comenzó una pasantía como aprendiz de empleado bancario cuando tenía 17 años, pero la guerra estalló poco después de que hubiera ocupado su puesto y de que ocho de los veinte empleados fueran llamados inmediatamente a filas. [5]:142–143, Gröning's responsibilities included sorting and counting the multitude of currencies taken from arriving deportees, sending it to Berlin, and guarding the belongings of arrivals until they were sorted. [1]​ Su madre falleció cuando tenía cuatro años. [21]​ Afirmó que su mensaje a los negacionistas del Holocausto era: Gröning también escribió unas 87 páginas de memorias para su familia.[21]​[2]​. [8], In September 2014, it was reported that Gröning, then aged 93, had been charged by state prosecutors with having been an accessory to murder for his role at Auschwitz receiving and processing prisoners and their personal belongings. The task was top secret: Gröning and his fellow SS men had to sign a declaration that they would not disclose it to family or friends, or people not in their unit. Entonces, vieron como un hombre de las SS se puso una máscara de gas y vació una lata de Zyklon B en una escotilla en la pared de la cabaña. [9], Gröning's prosecution has been reported to have been a part of Germany's final effort to bring the last Nazi war-crimes suspects to justice. He asked for forgiveness from God and from the Jewish people. [12]​, Una noche, hacia fines de 1942, Gröning y sus camaradas en los barracones en el campo de las SS en las afueras de Birkenau fueron despertados por una alarma. Seventy years after the liberation of Auschwitz, a former guard is on trial. [16]​, La solicitud de Gröning de ser transferido a una unidad en el frente de batalla fue exitosa y, en 1944, se unió a la unidad de la SS que peleaba en Ardenas. Gröning declaró que el ruido desde el interior «empezó por gritos» por un minutos y, luego, silencio. [5]:298, Upon return to Germany, Gröning lived with his father-in-law. He was posted at Auschwitz concentration camp during the World War II. [6]​ Luego de esta etapa, fueron separados en grupos más pequeños y fueron llevados a varias estaciones berlinesas, donde abordaron un tren con dirección a Katowice, con órdenes de presentarse ante el comandante de Auschwitz, un lugar del que Gröning nunca había oído con anterioridad. Luego de terminar la escuela, Gröning obtuvo un empleo como aprendiz en un banco; pero, inspirado por las victorias en Francia y Polonia, entró en las Waffen-SS. Oskar Groening was born on 10 June, 1921 in Nienberg, Lower Saxony, Germany. Durante su infancia, se unió a varios grupos juveniles nacionalistas, como las Juventudes Hitlerianas, cuando los nazis llegaron al poder en 1933, convencido de que el nazismo era ventajoso para Alemania. His responsibilities included counting and sorting the money taken from prisoners, and he was in charge of the personal property of arriving prisoners. Oskar Groening was born on June 10, 1921 in Nienburg, Lower Saxony, Germany, German, is War Criminal. [7]​, El día siguiente, Gröning y otros recién llegados se presentaron al edificio administrativo central de las SS, donde se les preguntó por su experiencia antes de la guerra. [7]​ Uno de los oficiales le dijo a Gröning que sus habilidades como empleado bancario serían útiles y lo llevó a los barracones donde se guardaba el dinero de los prisioneros. [3]​ Influido por sus valores familiares, sintió que el nazismo era provechoso para Alemania y creía que los nazis “eran las personas que querían lo mejor para Alemania y que harían algo al respecto”. [26][27] The pardon was rejected. Rees points to Gröning's ultra-nationalist upbringing as indication of how he was able to justify the extermination of helpless children. SS-Rottenführer Oskar Grönning (Nienburg, Baja Sajonia, Alemania; 10 de junio de 1921-12 de marzo de 2018) fue un militar alemán, antiguo miembro de las Waffen-SS que trabajó en el campo de concentración de Auschwitz durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. I was there. In an opening statement, Gröning asked for forgiveness for his mainly clerical role at Auschwitz in the summer of 1944, by saying: "For me there's no question that I share moral guilt", the 93-year-old told the judges, acknowledging he knew about the gassing of Jews and other prisoners. Llegó a decirle a Gröning cómo era imposible que tantos cuerpos hubieran sido quemados y que el volumen de gas que se suponía había sido usado habría matado a todos los seres vivos en los alrededores.[21]​. Murió Oskar Gröning, el "contador de Auschwitz" que había sido condenado por el asesinato de 300.000 judíos. [7]​ Cuando preguntó más, sus colegas le confirmaron que los judíos estaban siendo exterminados y esto se relacionaba con el transporte que había llegado la noche anterior. 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