Seeds modified in a lab are often touted as a means to boost agriculture and food security in Africa. GM crops will increase the use of chemicals. South Africa is unique in that it has allowed the country’s staple foods to be genetically modified. Fact Sheet: GMOs in South Africa. 1425 the adoption of the Codex General Standard for Food Additives (GSFA). The transfer of genes from an allergenic organism to a non-allergenic organism can increase the risk of the new organism causing allergic reactions. https://www.loc.gov/law/help/restrictions-on-gmos/south-africa.php The direct cost increase to the consumer depends on many factors, but the average is calculated to be between 9% and 12%. 12. But being a continent of contrasts, it also has some first-world farms and developed food processing provisions. Soy: Soy flour, lecithin, protein, isolate, and isoflavone, vegetable oil and vegetable protein, Canola: Canola oil (also called rapeseed oil). South Africa first approved the commercial release of genetically modified, insect-resistant cotton and maize in 1997.Today, South Africa is the world’s eighth largest producer of GMO crops. GMO foods are designed to be healthier and cheaper to produce, but genetic modification is not without consequences. The ACB is deeply concerned by the news that the South African GMO authorities have permitted over 25,000 tons of … Most of the foods in which you will find GM ingredients are processed. The research around the safety of GMOs is, to date, inconclusive. South Africa is prominent on the list as one of the most developed countries on the continent. And even if these products were correctly labeled, the majority of South Africans would have little choice but to consume them,” said Haidee Swanby from African Centre for Biosafety (ACB). Some US companies started voluntarily disclosing that their food products are made using genetic engineering, yet they don’t specify exactly which ingredients are GMO. Local farmers are continuing to use toxic glyphosate-based products, and are farming crops that have been genetically modified and are therefore Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). Soy. Since the 1980’s, GMOs have been used to improve the look, feel and taste of foods. Some of the health concerns of food safety are warranted. This implies that the majority of the market will bear the costs of maintaining a … Sugar vs. fat – which is worse for your health? The Bulk of all Products & Brands on Supermarket Shelves in South Africa are Owned by Just 3 Monopolies: Tiger Brands, Pioneer & Premier. However, Biowatch South Africa, an organisation interested in food security and biosafety in the country, reports that field trials have been carried out on genetically modified potatoes, wheat, canola, sugarcane, apple, eucalyptus, strawberry, sugar beet, tomato … The changes made by the introduction of this gazette will enter into force on November 17, 2017. These help producers identify whether then new genetic material has been transferred across. Other common traits in Research needs to be followed up as most GMOs are grown with herbicides – particularly glyphosate, which was declared a probable human carcinogen by the International Research Agency of the World Health Organisation (IARC). It is also home to the OurHealth citizen journalism initiative. South Africa has had compulsory GM labelling regulations in place since 2004 when the Department of Health (DOH) introduced labelling regulations under the Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act (1972) – Regulation 25. List of Foods Containing GMOs | Livestrong.com South Africa first approved the release of genetically modified, insect-resistant cotton and maize in 1997, and is one of the only countries in Africa to approve this method of farming. J. Biotechnol. No commercial GMO traits have been registered for wheat in South Africa. In the future biotech crops could offer foods with higher nutrient levels, longer shelf life and the ability to grow, even in the face of climate change. But the food industry disputes the interpretation of the regulations meant to implement this, and so we have been at stalemate on the labeling issue for years now. Galloway is a miller who is passionately building … The GMOs available in South Africa include insect resistant and herbicide tolerant maize, insect resistant and herbicide tolerant cotton and herbicide tolerant soybean (Department of Agriculture, 2005). Despite the successful commercial use of GMOs around the world over the past 20 years, there are still anti-GMO lobby groups. Updated facts about GMOs and GM crops in South Africa, and why it's important to avoid and speak out against GMOs. Nearly all GM foods contain “antibiotic resistance” markers. In the case of severe allergies, this could be life threatening. Our GMO testing can help inspire consumer confidence and ensure that your animal feeds meet the appropriate national and international controls. According to Dr Kobus Laubscher, CEO of Grain SA, this is an important development for sustainable food production in South Africa. Farmer Angus, a popular farming blogger, has warned that the chemical cannot be destroyed by cooking. Much of the public is convinced that genetic modification is a health danger, hence the fierce push to label GMO food. African Centre for Biosafety, ETC Group, FoodMattersZimbabwe and CTDT Johannesburg, Harare, Mexico City 15 April 2013. ... (21 %), Canada (6 %), Brazil (4 %), China (4 %), and South Africa (1 %) and today the Grocery Manufacturers of America estimate that 75 % of all processed foods in the U.S. contain a GM ingredient. Potjiekos is a quintessential South African dish born purely out of necessity to cook whilst … When compared to organic foods, Stanford University has even found that there are no additional health risks when eating GMO foods or organic foods. Health-e News is an award-winning print and TV health news service providing content to South African news outlets. GMO food remains unlabeled in the US despite consumers wanting to know (and having the right to know) what they are eating and drinking. Sweeteners such as fructose, dextrose, and glucose; modified food starch. Pests have been a big problem in South Africa for decades, and GM crops, when first introduced, were seen by many as a new and much-needed solution to the problem. Residue of glyphosate sticks onto crops and makes its way into food. Agriculture in South Africa. The concern has been raised that genetically modified DNA would be unstable, causing DNA damage not only to the crop, but also to whomever would consume it. Here is a list of the 10 most common GMO foods so you can be more aware while grocery shopping. Some of the most common genetically engineered ingredients include: Corn: Corn flour, meal, oil, starch, gluten, and syrup. Keep in mind … Some US companies started voluntarily disclosing that their food products are made using genetic engineering, yet they don’t specify exactly which ingredients are GMO. Despite the higher cost of GM seeds, adoption by many farmers was quick, steady, and widespread. The USA, Brazil, Argentina, India and some European countries allow GM technology. South Africans are eating GMO foods every day, Revealed: the corruption behind Gauteng Health crisis, Woman survives alleged human trafficking scam. The application of the GMO Act allows South Africa to conduct a science-based case-by-case assessment of the potential risks that may arise from the use of a particular GMO. Certified organic products are not allowed to contain any GMOs. There are a lot of buzzwords in the field of nutrition at the moment, but the one that gets most of the limelight is “GMOs”. The implications are serious for South Africa, as the European Union does not cultivate glyphosate-tolerant GM crops and only imports products that are used for animal feed and not human consumption, as is the case here. Approximately 99% of soya and 84% of maize grown in this country is GMO. Public debates on “GMO use in South Africa” therefore predominantly relates to GM crops or GM foods. CERTIFICATION. The Consumer Protection Act makes labeling of GM food mandatory. Yet since whatever we put in our mouths can either help or hinder our health, the use of GMO in food creates an extremely heated debate at most dinner tables. The method we use is a standardized polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology that quantifies any GMOs present in your feed samples. Most South Africans, without their knowledge or consent, are unknowingly consuming genetically modified food products every single day. So what? Between 70% and 80% of maize consumed in South Africa is genetically modified, and ours is the only country in the world whose staple is primarily GMO. GMOs in South Africa Series What foods are genetically modified in South Africa? To avoid these ingredients, as well as all the other nasties that thy contain, simply eat fresh, raw food. Pests have been a big problem in South Africa for decades, and GM crops, when first introduced, were seen by many as a new and much-needed solution to the problem. • Maize – e.g. South Africa is unique in that it has allowed the country’s staple foods to be genetically modified. Genetically modified (GM) crops have been commercially cultivated in four African countries; South Africa, Burkina Faso, Egypt and Sudan. Potjiekos. Jonathan Latham, who writes for Bioscience, claims that the purpose of GM foods is not to feed the world or improve farming, but is rather about commercial gain. During this period, genetically modified m… Even though you may not realize it, you’re probably eating GMOs. Soybean, maize and cotton – gmo.geneticliteracyproject.org By 2009, 98 percent of c… For example, protein-based detection methods are unsuitable because the food production process may destroy the protein derived from any genetically modified ingredients. What are other sources of GMOs? Updated facts about GMOs and GM crops in South Africa, and why it's important to avoid and speak out against GMOs. GM foods include or are made from a genetically modified organism (GMO), such as GM soy beans or GM yeast. More than 70 % of all the GM crops currently grown in … Many processed products will also contain maize as an additive, especially as a thickener. But the food industry disputes the interpretation of the regulations meant to implement this, and so we have been at stalemate on the labeling issue for years now. The Health Department’s role is to work with all stakeholders and the food industry to ensure that the South African public has access to nutritious food that enhances their overall health status,” said Popo Maja, media liaison officer for the national Department of Health. The challenge for agricultural production is to keep up with population growth and demand. The USA, Brazil, Argentina, India and some European countries allow GM technology. The three crops are maize, cotton and soya. Maize is used in mielie meal, some breakfast cereals, and in processed foods in the form of corn syrup and starch. South Africa is home to some of the world's finest organic food markets, where you'll find an astounding array of high-quality fruit and vegetables (often sold by the farmers themselves at reasonable prices); artisan food and beverages; a bustling, feel-good atmosphere; and more than ample seating to watch the interesting people go by. There aren’t any clear. Today, South Africa is the world’s eighth largest producer of GMO crops. These differences have created sharp trade conflicts for some nations, while also opening up export opportunities for others that favor GMO technologies. Corporate production of food also leads to waste. RELATED: GMOs in South Africa: Facts at a Glance The first GM crops, yellow maize hybrids from Monsanto, were introduced in 1997. Sweeteners: Sugar not specified as 100% cane sugar is likely GM. Mutations in DNA are closely tied to cancer and other diseases, and thus over the long term, consuming GMO products could cause chronic disease. Extensive insights into the Growth of Genetically Modified (GMO) Food Market amidst COVID-19. They have been used to extend shelf-life, make crops resistant to certain pests and ensure high yields, despite drought or floods. Essentially, GMO food is made to look better, last longer and always be available. In theory, the idea of a drought resistant plant, or a fruit that won’t turn brown is great, but what’s going on behind the scenes to create these results, and could they be harmful to your health? The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), a Melinda-Gates Foundation-funded organization, is now seeking to increase farm productivity across the continent, and strongly believes that farmers … African Food Safety. While there have been several health issues raised, the 4 main concerns related to GMOs are: GMO crops are designed to withstand weed killers and herbicides that contain the active ingredient glyphosate, a product that kills all plants that are not genetically modified. Making your own meals from scratch ensures that you can eliminate anything you don’t want to be eating, whether that is genetically modified or not! But when the rest of Africa started to get cold feet about using the technology, especially after a resurgence of activism against GMOs, South Africa and Sudan had a decision to make. In other countries, the maize and soya is used predominantly for animal feed and for process foods – corn starch, corn syrup, soya flour, soya lecithin. Before we witness the stabilization of economic growth in Europe and North America, Asia Pacific is estimated to bounce back progressively with countries such as China, India, South Korea and Japan witnessing more opportunities to recover from the losses sustained during COVID-19. According to the EPA, aspartame is a chemical that causes neurotoxicity. They also feature widespread food vending in the urban spaces. This has implications for consumers, farmers and farm workers,” she warned. NO GMO South Africa. South Africa’s adoption of genetically modified (GM) crops continues to expand at an impressive rate. But the real debate about GMO’s is their use in food production. This increased resistance to the herbicide allows farmers to use more Round Up to kill weeds. The pros of GMO crops are that they may contain more nutrients, are grown with fewer pesticides, and are usually cheaper than their non-GMO counterparts. GMO foods must meet the same standards as traditional foods. In other countries, the maize and soya is used predominantly for animal feed and for process foods – corn starch, corn syrup, soya flour, soya lecithin. Since then, with the advancement of technology, scientists have been able to engineer bacteria that produce medication-grade drugs, organisms to break down oil, and beagles that glow in the dark (seriously). Fact Sheet: GMOs in South Africa. For example, products labelled as “made with organic ingredients” only require 70% of the ingredients to be organic, but 100% must be non-GM. The kitchen is the heart of every home and we, at Faithful to Nature, are committed to the ethical sourcing of natural, organic foods to maintain good health, feel great, and have energy throughout the day.. Only the best healthy food for your pantry high in vitamins, minerals, and free from nasties like artificial additives and preservatives will pass our strict ingredient requirements. Africa Resistance to genetically modified seeds in Africa. South Africa first approved the release of genetically modified, insect-resistant cotton and maize in 1997, and is one of the only countries in Africa to approve this method of farming. In addition, this enables the country to collect information on the impact and implications of deliberate release of a particular GMO. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-truth-about-genetically-modified-food/ Glyphosate is found in every loaf of bread sold in supermarkets across the country. Regulations in South Africa. Currently South Africa grows three commercial crops that have been genetically modified, mainly for herbicide and insect tolerance. The three crops are maize, cotton and soya. “The Health Department does not have a position on GMO as there is broad scientific consensus that genetically engineered crops currently on the market are safe to eat. in South Africa. South Africa was the continent’s sole cultivator of GM maize, cotton and soybeans until 2008, when Egypt began growing GM maize, and Burkina Faso started growing GM cotton. http://www.medicaldaily.com/brief-history-genetically-modified-organisms-prehistoric-breeding-modern-344076 February 2018. In the early 1970’s, scientists created a technique that allowed them to cut pieces of DNA in certain places, and then attach the pieces to the DNA of other organisms, the beginning of modern day engineering. Health concern around GMO consumption is vigorously refuted by many, but Galloway believes there is a moral imperative to give people the choice to buy affordable non-GMO foods. Beating the bloat at that time of the month. In South Africa, numerous field trials have been approved for additional forms of GM maize, GM soya and GM cotton, as well as for GM sugar-cane, GM potato and GM cassava, amongst others. The statistics for the 2011–12 maize production season illustrate the scale of GMO penetration in the country. In terms of GM crops, only a few, specific GMOs, i.e., maize, cotton, and soy, each having either one or a combination of only two GM traits, i.e., insect resistance and herbicide tolerance, are relevant, as only these have been commercialized in South Africa. The long life tomatoes we buy are not GM, however, a number of … https://phys.org/news/2016-09-largest-ever-reveals-environmental-impact-genetically.html, http://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2015/from-corgis-to-corn-a-brief-look-at-the-long-history-of-gmo-technology/, http://www.medicaldaily.com/brief-history-genetically-modified-organisms-prehistoric-breeding-modern-344076, https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-truth-about-genetically-modified-food/, https://www.loc.gov/law/help/restrictions-on-gmos/south-africa.php, https://www.centerforfoodsafety.org/issues/311/ge-foods/ge-food-and-your-health#, https://phys.org/news/2016-09-largest-ever-reveals-environmental-impact-genetically.html. But the two countries could not let the endless debates around biotech derail their newfound formula for averting hunger. 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